Tourism is a promising sector that provides benefit of vast and sustainable development for the community. Therefore, the Government of Indonesia strives to improve Indonesian economy using tourism as one of the main growth driving factors. In more particular, tourism development can increase both foreign and domestic visitors, increase the state’s foreign exchange earnings, job opportunities and tourism competitiveness through integrated and sustainable development of prioritized tourism.
Tourism development in priority tourist destinations will be carried out through strengthening the synchronization of planning and budgeting with a holistic, integrative, thematic and spatial approach. In order to support the acceleration of the implementation of tourism development in priority tourist destinations, the Government in collaboration with the World Bank implements an integrated and sustainable tourism development program in 6 (six) priority tourist destinations, namely: (i) Lake Toba in North Sumatra Province; (ii) Borobudur-Yogyakarta-Prambanan in the Provinces of Central Java and the Special Region of Yogyakarta; (iii) Lombok in West Nusa Tenggara Province, (iv) Bromo-Tengger-Semeru in East Java Province, (v) Labuan Bajo in East Nusa Tenggara Province and (vi) Wakatobi in Southeast Sulawesi Province implemented in the Integrated Infrastructure Development for National Tourism Strategic Areas (Indonesia Tourism Development Project/ITDP) or hereinafter referred to as Integrated Infrastructure Development for National Tourism Strategic Areas (Integrated and Sustainable Tourism Development Program, hereinafter abbreviated as P3TB).
P3TB comprises of 4 (four) integrated components, in which each is targeted at addressing the main constraints of tourism growth and competitiveness. The four components are expected to contribute in increasing the number of both foreign and domestic visitors, increasing foreign exchange earnings from tourism sector, job opportunity, contribute to GDP, and tourism competitiveness. In this project, it has entirely been compiled organizing work frame to coordinate the tasks and functions and budget at both Central and Regional Governments at provincial and district/city levels in which the 6 (six) selected destinations located.
The purpose of P3TB project is set forth in the Master Plan of Integrated Tourism or Rencana Induk Pariwisata Terpadu (RIPT) for each destination, and institutional arrangement which is specifically established to improve collaboration between related institutions. The plan layout assists in synchronizing other government’s program related to road, basic services, skill development and investment atmosphere.
Four Components in P3TB Project
Component 1: Improving Institutional Capacity to Facilitate Integrated and Sustainable Tourism Development
Component 2: Improving the Quality of Road and Access to Basic Services in Relation to Tourism
Component 3: Improving the Participation of Local Community and Business Actors in Tourism Sector
Component 4: Improving Conducive Business Atmosphere for Private Investment in Tourism Sector